Light On The Past – July 2010

August 4, 2010 by  
Filed under Columns, Contributors, Light On The Past

Fort Screven’s Batteries

By Sarah Pearson Jones

 

 

July 2010:

I’d like to start this article by correcting a fact in May’s article – Atlantic Avenue was known as the “Entrance to the Ocean.”

Atlantic Avenue also runs parallel with Tybrisa.

Last month I wrote about the establishment and beginning of Fort Screven Georgia. This month I would like to write in a little more detail about three of the six batteries that line the north shore of Tybee Island.

These batteries are the reason that Fort Screven was built. They were the first line of defense for the city of Savannah.

Battery Brumby

Battery Brumby was the first built on Fort Screven. It was started in 1897 and completed in 1898. It was the only battery in service during the Spanish American War. The Battery is named after Lieutenant Thomas M. Brumby, who served wit hthe United States Navy durning the Spanish American War. He was Admiral Dewey’s Flag Lieutenant in the Battle of Manila Bay.

The Battery had 4 8 inch guns with a range of 10 miles they were mounted on disappering carriages. Today this Battery has been divided into several different lots, gun pits 1 and 2 are the Tybee Lite Shrine Club, gun put three is managed by the Tybee Island Historical society and is in the process of being secured for guided tours and gun pit 4 is a private residence.

Battery Garland

Battery Garland, completed in 1899, was armed with one 12-inch rifled gun mounted on a non-disappearing carriage and required 47 men and two officers.

The Battey was named for Brigadier General John Garland who served in the war of 1812, the Seminole Wars, the Mexican War and the Civil War.

This battery currently houses the Tybee Island Museum.

Battery Fenwick

Battery Fenwick was completed in 1900 and was armed with two 12-inch guns. The guns had an effective range of seven to eight miles and were removed in 1942.

The battery was named in honor of Brigadier General John R. Fenwick, 4th Artillery U.S., who served in the War of 1812.

Today this battery has been converted into a private residence.

Below left are photos of these batteries as they once appeared:

Until next month,

Sarah

If you have a subject you’d like for me to write about email me at tybeelighthouse@yahoo.com

Sarah Jones is the Assistant Director of the
Tybee Island Light Station on Tybee Island. She and her husband Casey live here year-round.

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Comments

2 Responses to “Light On The Past – July 2010”
  1. Robert Hatcher says:

    Thanks for the old battery info. sure wish we could get all these restored. Tybee ‘s historical district would be complete.
    http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/help-save-fort-screven-gun-batteries/

  2. Editor says:

    Mr. Hatcher: We agree that the Fort Screven batteries are an essential part of Tybee’s history, and it would be to the island’s advantage for them all to be restored if possible. Thanks so much for your comments!

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